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Human system (reductionism)Gibbs and Goethe (small)
Above: depiction of reduction of all of human existence and experience into the methodology of chemistry, physics, and thermodynamics, pure and applied. Right: the nutshell synopsis of hmolscience, namely the reinterpretation of the 1809 human relationship models and social meaning theories of German polyintellect Johann Goethe as seen through the lens of modern chemical thermodynamics as defined by American engineer Willard Gibbs (see: Gibbs and Goethe).
Hmolpedia (eoht.info) or Encyclopedia of Human Thermodynamics, Human Chemistry, and Human Physics (see: etymology), a ‘two culturesone nature modern Faustian-vision encyclopedia, is a work-in-progress, prolegomenon, collectively-written online (and print set) compendium of 3,380+ articles on the study of the application of the hard sciences of thermodynamics, chemistry, and physics to the analysis and explication of human existence, experience, and movements, as these intersect with and overhaul the soft sciences of the humanities.

Manifold avenues open up almost as soon as one begins to tackle the problem.”
— Romanian scholar (1971), on the second law applied to socioeconomics

The following—the top ten mononymous names in Hmolscience citation rankings—are well representative of the core structure of Hmolpedia:

1. Goethe | Johann Goethe (cited: 939)
2. Gibbs | Willard Gibbs (cited: 774)
3. Clausius | Rudolf Clausius (cited: 617)
4. Lewis | Gilbert Lewis (cited: 434)
5. Maxwell | James Maxwell (cited: 430)
6. Newton | Isaac Newton (cited: 429)
7. Helmholtz | Hermann Helmholtz (cited: 396)
8. Boltzmann | Ludwig Boltzmann (cited: 364)
9. Einstein | Albert Einstein (cited: 331)
10. Darwin | Charles Darwin (cited: 326)

Compare: Aristotle's citation rankings, of core names employed in his collected works; see also: term rank, a ranking of key "terms" used in Hmolpedia, and power centers, a flow diagram of historical knowledge. A centralized site page is: social Newtons (50+), a ranked listing of thinkers to have attempted Social Principia like treatises; other backbone pages include: Humanities citation ranking (38+), HT pioneers (505+), HC pioneers (57+), HP pioneers (50+), HMS pioneers (122+), human free energy theorists (40+), and Genius IQs (430+); see also: Stark classification (10+) on the fundamental "forms" of the mechanistic social or social mechanism thought.

splitters and lumpers dilemma
A depiction of the “mental divide dilemma” (Medi Belortaja, 2009), showing physicists, chemists, astronomers, evolutionists, and sociologists (William Patten, 1920) connected, albeit mentally-divided against each other (Harold Morowitz, 1979) in views and beliefs about human nature, which, owing to hydraism, has resulted in the derisive phenomena of anti-interdisciplinarity.
Mental divide dilemma
In the earlier 19th century, bulk human knowledge had begun to grow so fast that last universal geniuses were beginning to die off, modern thinkers were beginning to suffer from the effects of "hydraism", according to which by 1833 the so-called “intellectuals” of the world were forcibly divided (see: Whewell-Coleridge debate) between those who worked in the “real sciences” (Samuel Coleridge, 1833), i.e. mathematicians, physicists, and naturalists (William Whewell, 1840), and those who worked in the other so-called “sciences”, i.e. poetry, arts, humanities, or soft sciences, and the metaphysical fields of social concert, those connected with moral philosophy ideologies.

In the early 20th century, bulk human knowledge had grown so that the so-called biological-minded social philosophers were beginning to be surrounded and encompassed by the physical scientists and natural scientists:

“Surrounding us on all sides are the physicists, chemists, geologists, and astronomers, with whom we must reckon, for their domains and their subject matter overlap ours in countless ways.”
William Patten (1920), Social Philosophy of a Biologist

“Since my name is not Socrates or Einstein and I hold only one of the seven or eight PhD degrees [organic chemistry] this problem requires, readers are quite justified in questioning my qualifications to testify as such a multidisciplinary expert.”
George Scott (1985), on the ethics and physical chemistry of will

In the decades to follow, the puzzling phenomenon of "anti-interdisciplinarity" (see: interdisciplinarity) emerged, a type of defense mechanism, according to which each intellectual turf, set by ingrained beliefs, tended to defend its own, whereby those few “engaged in integrative thought” (Harold Morowitz, 1979) lost status, after which, going into the 21st century, the "mental divide dilemma" (Medi Belortaja, 2009) resulted, each scientific specialty, or mind of that specialty, divided against each other in views and inherent beliefs about human nature.

Humanities + Thermodynamics
The following flow chart shows the overall ongoing construction process of Hmolpedia, namely the dissection and re-interpretative understanding of the humanities and social sciences according to core laws of nature, the foremost of which is Clausius-Gibbs based thermodynamics, in other words in terms of the energy (i.e. enthalpy) and entropy (i.e. transformation content), something worked out in basic framework two centuries ago by Goethe in terms of human chemical reactions and chemical affinity or "elective affinities", the three (energy, entropy, and affinity) relate via the affinity-free energy equation, according to the thermodynamic theory of affinity, proved in 1882 by Helmholtz, all of which derive from Newton's last and final Query 31:


humanities (image)





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Thims thermodynamics books (classics)





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Humanities
Thermodynamics
Hmolpedia [1]


Physicochemical humanities | Equation flowchart
The following physicochemical overlay diagram, below left, and equation flow chart, below right, give an overview of Hmolpedia and of hmolscience, human chemical thermodynamics, and or the physicochemical humanities in general:


Beg beaker model
Equation flow chart (new)
(Mirza Beg, 1987)(Frederick Rossini, 1971)

The two above diagrams, in short, show a re-conceptualization of humans and social systems as types of physicochemical systems, governed by the partial differential equations of chemical thermodynamics, with the implicit derived result that humans, animals, plants (e.g. diagram below right), and so-called lower forms of powered chemical animation (e.g. bacteria, viruses, walking molecules, etc.), are not "living things" (a religio-mythology conception), but CHNOPS+ structures in powered states of driven animation. The diagram, above left, is from the cover of Indian-born Pakistani organometallic chemist Mirza Beg’s 1987 book New Dimensions in Sociology: a Physico-Chemical Approach to Human Behavior, depicting a conceptualization of slums (or huts), middle class, and big cities as different molecular aggregate states, akin to atoms or molecules in the gas, liquid, and solid state, respectively, according to which human behavior is conceptualized as molecular or chemical behavior, described according to the physicochemical methods and principles of physical chemistry, e.g. activation energy (diagram overlay shown), free energy change, bond energy, etc. The equation flowchart, above right, first outlined in the 2012 Elective Affinities "equation decipherment" article, then presented by American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims at UPESW 2013, Pitesti, Romania, gives an overview of the equation structure of the physical chemical reductionism of the humanities, from the invention of the equal " = " sign by Welsh physician-mathematician Robert Record (1557), i.e. equation invention, to American chemical engineer and physical chemist Frederick Rossini's 1971 derivation of what he defines as "chemical thermodynamics in the real world", according to which entropy ΔS and enthalpy ΔH changes govern the nature of freedom and security, respectively, in social reaction existence and experience equilibration processes. [3]

God is dead (timeline)
A timeline rendition of the fall, rise, and now precarious "God or trial" days, amid the new atheism questioning dis-belief in the existence of God, whether by the general populous or by elite scientists: from Laplace’s famous 1802 declaration to Napoleon, in regards to his celestial mechanics formulations, that “he had no need of that [god] hypothesis” (see: Napoleon Laplace anecdote), to Nietzsche’s 1882 pronouncement “God is dead”, to the modern 2006-present “God vs Gibbs” debates about national security vs personal liberty or freedom (see: Rossini debate), i.e. whether Gods energy or Gibbs energy is behind human affairs.
Religion | God vs Gibbs
The subjects of chemistry, physics, and thermodynamics are, by definition, “atheism” or atheist ingrained subjects, i.e. in no way is belief in the existence in God (or gods), or for that matter spirits, or anything supernatural or metaphysics, part of their respective structures. Subsequently, when chemistry, physics, and thermodynamics are applied to the humanities, the resulting derived amalgamation or proto-science is, by definition, an atheism-ingrained result. Accordingly, when one comes across attempts at "science + religion" mending amalgamations, typically tending towards the use of ontic opening stylized arguments, something will be inherently wrong with the fundamental points of the argument. The atheism timeline, some of which is partially shown adjacent, touches on some of these key turning points, from Laplace’s 1802 declaration to Napoleon that in his formulation of celestial mechanics he had “no need of that [god] hypothesis” (see: Napoleon Laplace anecdote), a proposition that has not yet seen realization in social mechanics, to Nietzsche’s 1882 pronouncement that “God is dead”, to the modern 2006-present Journal of Chemical Education God vs Gibbs” debates (see: Rossini debate) about whether or not chemical thermodynamics has the “power to explain the human condition” (John Wojcik, Dec 2006).

Atomic theory | Purview
Implicit in the above partial differential equation formulation of human existence and experience, is the "atomic theory" (Leucippus, 450BC) applied to humans point of view, a type of advanced chemical thermodynamically neutral deathropized Aristotelian (teleology expunged) Goethean-Epicureanism, followed in hmolscience, namely from the definition of the molecule (Pierre Gassendi, 1649) to the cell-as-molecule (Lionel Harrison, 1993) to human-as-molecule (Jean Sales, 1789) perspective, to the intersection of this with modern chemical thermodynamics perspectives (e.g. RSS news feed), in the form of modern human chemical thermodynamics: [2]

Human-as-molecule

Thermodynamics newsrss (Ѻ)


People (humans), not as living beings, but "powered" CHNOPS+ chemicals, molecules, or matrices (Henry Swan, 1974) is a well-honed modern description of the humans-as-molecules purview.

Historical | Human models
Historically, to put the above in context, the following, from UPESW 2013, is an historical retrospect look at the developmental modeling of the what the great thinkers, over the last 5,000-years, have modeled and conceptualized the "human" as: [2]


Birth of the sun
Evolution of Human Models (2013)
Sun (fire) born of kēme (earth) following flood (water)
up-down arrow (medium)
Four elements
Four elements (Empedocles, 450BC)


In short, five-thousand years ago, scholars conceived of humans as sun-created entities—humans as spirit-life-soul imbibed clay figurine sculptures (the sun deified) the details of which described by religio-mythology; today, likewise, scholars conceive of humans as sun-synthesized entities—humans as powered 26-element atomic geometries (the sun understood as a hydrogen-helium mass undergoing thermonuclear reaction) the details of which described by human chemical thermodynamics.

In long, over the last five-thousand years, the "sun birth" theory (3,000BC) transmogrified into the religio-mythology based "clay creation" humans-as-workers model of Imhotep (2600BC), which turned Aristotle (322BC) teleological physics/metaphysics model of the human; thereafter becoming the automaton + pineal gland (soul), mind-brain "dualism" model of Descartes (1637); which became the mechanical bio-chemical "animal combustion" caloric models of Lavoisier (1787); which modified into the self-assembled "electrochemical automaton" model of Neumann (1948); thereafter being modified by the Darwinian-based "DNA-survival" models, following Watson and Crick (1953); eventually arriving at the modern, albeit hotly debated (2006-present) "chemical thermodynamics in the real world" modelling of Rossini (1971), viewing people as equilibrium adjusting reactive chemicals or “26-element energy/heat driven dynamic atomic structures as modern engineering thermodynamics (2011) defines things. [4]

While we, over the millennia, certainly have come along way in "deanthropomorphizing" ourselves, as some might reason, Descartes' pineal gland dualism model still lingers, precariously and dangerously, as some posit, in the face of Goethe's true-to-reality 1809 conclusive statement that there is, after all, only "one nature".

Free energy change (diagram)
A nutshell synopsis of hmolscience: Goethe's 1796 affinity-based "human chemical theory" (left) explained, in modern terms, via partial differential changes in isothermal-isobaric free energies in a given boundaried social system, per extent of reaction, quantified by the 1882 Goethe-Helmholtz equation (right).
Like rankings
The following are the 25 most-liked pages (see main: like rankings) in Hmolpedia, as of Jan 2014, according to Facebook likes, main page aside:

1. Equation of love | 354 likes
2. IQ: 200+ | 190 likes
3. Founders of thermodynamics and suicide | 124 likes
Facebook like logo4. Love the chemical reaction | 105 like
5. IQ: 150+ | Smartest woman ever | 93 likes
6. Endorphin theory of love | 79 likes
7. Chocolate theory of love | 52 likes
8. Christopher Hirata | 48 likes
9. Good Will Hunting (William Sidis) | 44 likes
10. Dawkins scale | 43 likes
11. Last person to know everything | 33 likes
12. Johann Goethe | 29 likes
13. Sweaty T-shirt study | 27 likes
14. Human chemistry | 25 likes
15. Human molecule | 22 likes
16. Thermodynamics humor | 21 likes
17. Libb Thims | 20 likes
18. Human thermodynamics | 19 likes
19. The Thermodynamics of Love | 19 likes
20. Molecular evolution table | 18
21. Henry Adams | 17 likes
22. Genius | 17 likes
23. IQ: 200+ (references) | 17 likes
24. Social chemistry | 16 likes
25. Thermodynamics of love | 15 likes

References
1. Thims, Libb. (2014-15/16).​ Hmolpedia: A-Z Encyclopedia of Human Thermodynamics, Human Chemistry, and Human Physics, Volumes 1-6 (see: main where pdfs are available). Publisher.
2.
Thims, Libb. (2014-15/16). Chemical Thermodynamics: with Applications in the Humanities (97-page version: pdf of 800-pages estimated total). Publisher.
3. Thims, Libb. (2013). “Econoengineering and Economic Behavior: Particle, Atom, Molecule, or Agent Models?” (video, 1:33-min) (article, 40-pgs) (PowerPoint, 36-slides), Key speaker talk delivered at the University of Pitesti Econophysics and Sociophysics Workshop (UPESW) / Exploratory Domains of Econophysics News (EDEN V) (organizer: Gheorghe Savoiu). University of Pitesti, Pitesti, Romania, Jun 29.
4. Annamalai, Kalyan, Puri, Ishwar K., and Jog, Milind A. (2011). Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering (§14: Thermodynamics and Biological Systems, pgs. 709-99, contributed by Kalyan Annamalai and Carlos Silva; §14.4.1: Human body | Formulae, pgs. 726-27; Thims, ref. 88). CRC Press.

Site feeds
The following are site feed snippets of recent hot discussions, new photos, new members (or noted members), and recent thermodynamic news. Please feel free to partake in the action:



System (earth surface)

“The time may come when human affairs may be described no longer by words and sentences, but by a system of symbols or notation similar to those used in algebra or chemistry … then it may be possible, as Adams suggests, to invent a common formula for thermodynamics and history.”
William Thayer (1918), American historian

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