Architronito | Steam-powered cannon

In 330BC, Archimedes, according to Leonardo da Vinci (c.1500), invented a architronito, or steam-powered cannon that throws 70lb iron balls, via the action of “great noise and fury”, at the enemy, by the action of heat derived from burning coals; diagrams of which are found in da Vinci’s notebooks; the gist of which is diagrammed as follows: [5]

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Mathematics

Archimedes discovered the value of Pi, worked on the concept of infinity, and made steps towards the development of calculus. [1]

Mechanics | thermodynamics

In his

“We see how many people incorrectly thought are what we call the power of an engine. When they hear about a steam engine, a water wheel of twenty horses for example, it contained only twenty horses harnessed together and acting both are driven by the engine. They thus confuse the effort exerted at a given time, and assumes no minimum time, with the mechanical work, which involves the idea of time.Archimedessaid that with a lever and a fulcrum long enough, that it would raise the earth, he probably thought to have multiplied almost indefinitely the power of man, in reality, unconsciously perhaps He has made us very small. Lift the land means, in effect, use the engine working at our disposal, to raise to a height equal weight to that of Earth. But really, how long would it take a very vigorous man, working day and night, without rest, to lift such a weight to one millimeter in height? He would need two million of millions of centuries! Archimedes indeed, although we were humiliated.”

A depiction of Archimedes, who famously said "give me a lever long enough, and I will move the earth", moving the earth; thus Illustrating his "principle of the lever", supposedly one of the per-cursors to infinitesimals and hence to integral calculus. |

No doubt this "moving earth" postulate would have been considered heresy, being in direct opposition to the stationary earth theory found at the heart of Ra theology, and hence Christianity; just as was Galileo Galilei put under house arrest some 2,000-years latter for advocating the same view.

Archimedes palimpsest

In 1998, the auction house of Christie’s sold the famous Archimedes Palimpsest, a 1000AD collected works set of Archimedes theories, which was made into a palimpsest in 1200AD, for more than $2 million. Since then, Stanford University working in coordination with the Walters Art Museum has been using a variety of imaging techniques to retrieve the hidden texts and images, which turned out to be heretofore undiscovered works,

Other

In 1789, at the age of 13, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher

Quotes | By

The following are quotes by Archimedes:

“Eudoxus first discovered the proof that the cone is one-third of the cylinder of equal height on the same base, and the pyramid one-third of the prism. No small share [of the discovery] should be assigned to Democritus, who first made the assertion about the above-mentioned figure without proof.”— Archimedes (c.220BC),Mathematical Theorems Addressed to Eratosthenes(see: Eratosthenes) [6]

References

1. Netz, Reviel and Noel, William. (2011).

2.

3. Hirn, Gustav. (1968).

4. The Archimedes Palimpsest | Lost and Found – Walters Art Museum.

5. (a) Da Vinci, Leonardo. (c.1518).

(b) Architonnerre – Wikipedia.

6. Taylor, C.C.W. (1999).

Further reading

● Pickover, Clifford A. (2008).

External links

● Archimedes – Wikipedia.