Caleb 2f
The 1890 definition (Ѻ) of Caleb, from James Strong’s Concordance, a term derived from the Egyptian god Anubis, symbolic of the Canis Minor constellation.
In religio-mythology, Caleb, in the Old Testament, is the name of the "dog", or person named "dog", that works as a military spy for Moses in the Bible; which is equivalent to the “dog” of Bacchus (or Dionysus); both of which are rescripts of the dog-like god “Anubis” that accompanies Osiris; both of which are astro-theology based god anthropisms of the “Canis Minor” (Anubis) and Orion (Osiris) constellations; the stories attributed to them, in each religious rescript, being based on the annual perceptual movement of each constellation in respect to the sun (Ra), milky way (Nile River), star Sirius (Isis), and the annual flooding of the Nile River. [1]

Overview
In 1858, Hubert Puisaye, in his The Pagan World of Universal Mythology, summarized the “Anubis = Caleb” connection as follows: (Ѻ)

“With regard to Anubis or the dog, as a distinct person, Diodorus shows him, in his history, as contemporaneous at the same time, and Hermes and Hercules, the scribe, the other general in chief of Osiris, but different, and in sub-order.

In a suborder of the type of this Hermes and this Hercules, that is to say in the suborder of Moses, the Scripture also shows us a personage who could be called in Egyptian by the name of Anubis since it bears in Hebrew a name meaning ‘dog’; this character is Caleb. The role of lieutenant of the supreme chief played by Anubis in the army out of Egypt to go under the command of Hercules, to make conquests in the East, is identical to that played by his namesake Caleb in the army, which came out of Egypt also, under the guidance of Moses, to go to the east, to conquer the promised land.

Evidently, this Anubis or Caleb, lieutenant of the Egyptian Hercules or left Egypt (Moses), is therefore identical to Caleb or Anubis, lieutenant of Moses, who was also named Hermes, following the testimony of d’Artapan.”

While this overview is not exactly perfect, e.g. we now know that Hercules is the rescript of Horus, it gives a good general overview.

Quotes
The following are related quotes:

Diodorus tells us that Osiris had in his army Anubis covered over with a dog's skin, which thence was pictured with a dog's head, and called the dog keeper, &c.; all which seems to refer to Caleb's name, which signifies a dog.
— Jonathan Edwards (c.1750), Notes on the Bible (Ѻ)

“The god Pan gave Bacchus a dog to accompany him in his travels; Caleb, which, in Hebrew, signifies a dog, was the name of the faithful companion of Moses. Bacchus, by striking the earth with his thyrsus, produced rivers of wine. Moses, by striking the rock with his miraculous rod, caused water to gush out to satisfy the raging thirst of the Israelites.”
— William Hort (1802), The New Pantheon: an Introduction to the Mythology of the Ancients (Ѻ)

Jupiter commands Bacchus to go and destroy the impious people of the Indies, just as Moses is ordered to abolish the abominations of the idolatrous nations. Pan gave Bacchus a dog as his faithful companion, and in like manner Moses is accompanied by Caleb the dog. Bacchus married Zipporah, a name of one of the seven planets, Venus; so Moses married Zipporah, one of the seven daughters of the priest of Midian.”
— Parish Ladd (1907), “The Hebrews: Egypt, Moses and Exodus” (Ѻ)

“The Canis Minor constellation, aka the ‘small dog’, placed in the sky for faithfulness, drinks from the Milky Way, once thought to be a river. In Egypt, he was Anubis, the jackal god. The Greeks called the whole group Prochon.”
— Mark Chartrand (1982), Skyguide: a Field Guide for Amateur Astronomers [2]

“One thing of importance here is that Caleb means ‘dog’, and in the Egyptian myths, it is the dog Anpu-Ap-Uat (a form of Anubis) that guides Shu-Anhur and souls of the deceased through the Amenta Underworld to the Paradise of Peace. In this view, Moses, Joshua, and Caleb match Anhur, Shu, and Anubis, and the Paradise of Peace of the Egyptians becomes the Promised Land of the Jews.”
— Robert Clarke (2005), An Order Outside time: a Jungian View of the Higher Order Self, from Egypt to Christ (pg. #)

References
1. (a) Osiris, Dionysus-Bacchus, and Moses
(b) God character rescripts
2. Chartrand, Mark R. (1982). Skyguide: a Field Guide for Amateur Astronomers (pg. 126). Publisher, 1990.

External links
Caleb – Wikipedia.

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