Comparative mythology and religionThis is a featured page

comparative mythology
Through comparative mythology it can be shown that the Egyptian myth of the birth of the sun (Ra) out of the land mound (Nun) following a great flood (annual 150-day Nile River), a model that came to be known as Anunian theology (Ra theology), forms the backbone to 73 percent of modern religions (Ab-ra-ham-ic / B-ra-hma-ic faiths), and hence the historical origins to modern man's ideas about God, soul (negative confession), spirit, the creation of humans (creationism) (creation from clay), and most importantly belief in the theory of "life" and "death", concepts that do not exist in the framework of modern physics and chemistry.
In humanities, comparative mythology and religion, or "comparative religion and mythology", is the study of the complex mythical heritage and syncretism underlying the formation, derivation, and origin of the world’s modern religions.

“The theological dependency of Christendom on ancient Egypt is much stronger than its theological link with the Hebrew tradition.”
— Karl Luckert (1991), Egyptian Light and Hebrew Fire [18]

“The prominence in the texts of Asclepius, a thinly-disguised Imhotep, suggest an association with Heliopolis ... Although even the Pyramid Texts fail to set out the beliefs of Heliopolis systematically, why should we expect them to? After all, the people who mattered—the priests and worshipers—were already familiar with their own religion. The Texts do, however, allow the core theology and cosmology behind them to be reconstructed. The most successful attempt is found in Karl Luckert’s Egyptian Light and Hebrew Fire (1991), which isolates two related aspects: the overall understanding in the origins and nature of the cosmos, and its relationship to human beings.”
— Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince (2013), The Forbidden Universe: the Occult Origins of Science [19]

The parent religion to 72 percent of the worlds religions, according to comparative mythology studies (as depicted adjacent), is the Egyptian religion sun god (Ra) worship religion Anunian theology (Ra theology), which originated primarily in the ancient Egyptian city of Heliopolis, the "city of the sun", in circa 3100BC, during which year the 20 nomes (cities) of lower Egypt united with the 22 nomes of upper Egypt to form the Egyptian first dynasty, an empire that would go on to dominate the world, both militarily and religiously, for nearly 3000-years. [12]

Early debunkers
In circa 230, Alexandrian scholar Origen (185-254) penned the following: (Ѻ)

“To what person of intelligence, I ask, will the account seem logically consistent that says there was a “first day” and a “second” and “third,” in which also “evening” and “morning” are named, without a sun, without a moon, and without stars, and even in the case of the first day without a heaven (Gen. 1:5-13)? …. Surely, I think no one doubts that these statements are made by Scripture in the form of a type by which they point toward certain mysteries.”

Modern science
One of the reasons for necessity of the study comparative religion and mythology, in the context of the hmolsciences, is that the subjects of human thermodynamics, human chemistry, and human physics, and the principles derived therefrom, are the replacements for the older mythology-based modern religions, and thus when addressing questions about purpose, existence, meaning, and morality, etc., it becomes requisite to have some semblance of historical basis.

In plain speak, a typical layperson (atheist, agnostic, secularist, or religious) will ask queries such as what do modern thermodynamics, chemistry, and physics have to say about terms such as soul, spirit, life, death, purpose, existence of god, etc., whereby it becomes imperative if one is to give cogent answers to such questions to have an semblance of an of historical framework to the etymologies of these various terms and older proto-scientific theories. Without such pause for historical digression, many modern hardened scientists will waste decades searching for baseless ideas, such as the origin of life, whereas in fact "life" is a religious-mythological theory and not one that holds in modern hard science (where things are viewed as atoms and molecules, which are not, by definition, considered to be alive).

Comparative mythology (angels)
An example of comparing myths: top the Christian theory of angels; bottom the Egyptian theory of birds carrying the sun in the sky in its daily journey. [5]

Pre-Rosetta stone history
It is difficult to say exactly when the field of comparative mythology, in regards to the de-riddling of modern religion, arose as a distinct subject.

The first two thinkers to have completed massive studies on comparative mythology and modern religion were Dutch theologian Gerhard Vossius (1577-1649), whose works as of 2008 have never been translated from the Latin, and French bishop Pierre Huet (1630-1721). [7]

French genius Voltaire (1694-1778), cites both Vossius and Huet, and concluded, among other things, that Moses is a re-write of the Roman god Bacchus (400BC-400AD). [8]

In 1770, German polymath Johann Goethe completing a dissertation (rejected on the grounds that it was unorthodox) on “The Legislature, On the Power of the Magistrate to Determine Religion and Culture” at the University of Strasbourg, in which he contended, among other things, that “Jesus Christ is not the author of Christianity, but rather a subject composed by a number of wise men and that Christian religion is merely a rational, political institution.” [1]

French writer Charles-Antoine-Guillaume Pigault-Lebrun (1753-1835) in his Doubts of Infidels states: [9]

“The history of Moses is copied from the history of Bacchus, who was called Mises by the Egyptians, instead of Moses. Bacchus was born in Egypt; so was Moses... Bacchus passed through the Red Sea on dry ground; so did Moses. Bacchus was a lawgiver; so was Moses. Bacchus was picked up in a box that floated on the water; so was Moses.... Bacchus by striking a rock made wine gush forth... Bacchus was Egypt, Phenicia, Syria, Arabia, Asia and Greece, before Abraham‘s day.”
The Egyptian god Ammut standing over the lake of fire (hell) awaiting to devour the ba (soul) of the deceased if it is found too heavy during the weighting of the soul process. [17]

Rosetta stone
See main: Rosetta stone
In 1799, during a French expedition to Egypt, the famous tri-lingual inscribed Rosetta stone was discovered which aroused widespread public interest with its potential to decipher the hitherto untranslated Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic language.

In 1820s, English physicist Thomas Young and French scholar Jean-Francois Champollion, translated the stone, after which modern comparative mythology and religion scholars began to emerge.

Soon thereafter, people began to see clearly that the main tenets of the major modern day religions (Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, etc.) originated from the core tenets of Egyptian mythology, those upon which the pyramids were built, particularly the story of the birth of the sun (sun disc) (later sun god Ra) out of the water or chaos / primordial mound of of beginning (later god Nun).

In 1883, English Egyptologist Gerald Massey published his The Natural Genesis (among other works), wherein he began to debunk a number of Bible mythologies, focusing on the overlaps of Horus and Jesus; a noted opening quote is: [16]

“It takes the latter half of all of one’s lifetime to unlearn the falsehood that was instilled into us during the earlier half. Generation after generation we learn, unlearn, and re-learn the same lying legendary lore. Henceforth, our studies must begin from the evolutionist standpoint in order that they mat not have to be gone over again.”

This issue of religious syncretism became definitively clear to the inquisitive thinker when in 1895 Egyptologist Wallis Budge published The Egyptian Book of the Dead (Papyrus of Ani), wherein after “untold numbers of people began to write books, papers, and dissertations on the parallels between Jesus and Osiris (Ra’s great grandson). [2]
Nun (Noah)
A depiction of the transformation of the Egyptian sun birth theory into the story of Noah and the ark.

Nun | Nu = Noah
The Christian story of man named Noah landing on an mountain, following a flood, following the release of three doves, after which the sun shines, is a monotheistic rewrite of the Egyptian theory of the birth of the sun (Ra) following the primordial flood (120-day Nile River flood), out of a land mound (pyramid) Nu, that rises out of the flood, the sun being carried through the sky by a heron or "phoenix" as Herodotus described things.

In Hinduism, this was described as the story of Ma-Nu.

Abraham | Brahma = Ra
In 2004, American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims, after reading through the work of Gary Greenberg (among other works), independently arrived at the conclusion that the Abraham/Brahma theologies (Ab-ra-ham-ic faiths / B-ra-hma-ic faiths) are re-writes of the older Egyptian "Ra born of Nun" origin of the universe model/theologies, as hidden in their respective stories and name etymologies. [6]

One of the more significant unifying decipherments is the connection between the similarities of Jewish-Christian-Islam patriarch Abraham and the Hindu creator god Brahma, which overlap in at least six ways:

(a) Both Abraham and Brahma are the said-to-be creators all humans (Ra is the main creator god of the Egyptian pantheon).
(b) Both Abraham and Brahma have the same etymology: “Father Ra son of Nun” (water-fire-earth theory).
(c) Both Abraham and Brahma derived from the Nun (Noah and Ma-Nu, respectively).
(d) Both Abraham and Brahma have the same sister-wife, in namesake, Sarai and Saraswati, respectively.
(e) Both Abraham and Brahma have the same thrice sister-wife parable (creation by incest rewrite).
(f) The slaying of son reoccurs in both cases (release of the soul rewrite / Osiris-Horus splitting rewrite).

In 1975, American mythologist Lloyd Graham, in his Deceptions and Myths of the Bible, stated: [10]

“Abram is but the Hindu Brama, with a as prefix instead of suffix; and Brama was the original name of the Hindu creator. Later the letter h was added, thus making it Brahma. The letter h signifies life, and thus did Brama, Abram, and Sarai in due time receive life, or being, which implies that in the beginning they did not have it.”

All of this "letter change signifying life", to summarize, was re-written in the Bible as stories of god changing each person’s respective name, for some unspecified reason, whereas the original etymology is one of the Egyptian origin of life theories.

The 1996-2000 work of American religious scholar and Egyptologist Gary Greenberg seems to have been the first to explain points (e) and (f), such as in his chapter sections "Abraham pretended that Sarah was his Sister" (2000) and "The Osirian Iconography in Isaac's Sacrifice" (1996). [3]

In 2009, religio-mythology scholar Dorothy Murdock, in her book The Gospel According to Acharya S., penned a section entitled “Abraham is Brahma? Moses is Dionysus?”. [11]

Jesus = Osiris/Horus
The story of the the death and resurrection of a person named "Jesus Christ" said to have conceived of virgin birth, from a virgin women named Mary, via impregnation with the "holly spirit", is a monotheism rewrite of the polytheistic story of the death and resurrection of Osiris by the help of his god-wife sister Isis or Stella Maris (aka "star of the sea") and their sun Horus. Some of this is outlined adjacent.
Christianity (etymology) (titled)
A snapshot of the how the Egyptian model of the resurrection of Osiris was re-written, in Christianity, into the resurrection of Jesus, and, in Hinduism, in to the reincarnation of Buddha. [1]

Sarai (Sarah) | Saraswati = Sirius (star)
The subject of the etymological origin of the character Sarai (Sarah), Abrahamic-version, or Saraswati , Brahmaic version, is generally traced to the Sirius, the brightest star in the sky, whose helical rising (following a 70-day absence from the sky), marks the start of the annual flooding of the Nile. [13] All of this data of measured and observed natural phenomena formed the basis for Egyptian theology.

In 1830-33, reverend Robert Taylor discussed the connections between Sarah, Sirius (Dog Star), and the start of the annual flooding of the Nile. [14] Similar summaries were given by Logan Mitchell (The Christian Mythology, 1842) and Herbert Hardwick (The Popular Faith Unveiled, 1881).

American religious scholar and Egyptologist Gary Greenberg gives the best account as to why the wife-sister parable is repeated three times, which is to cover-up the three unsavory points of creation by incest in the Heliopolis Ennead creation myth. [3]

Recent scholars
American religious scholar and Egyptologist Gary Greenberg’s well-researched 2000 book 101 Myths of the Bible, wherein he steps through the nearly ever story in the Bible and shows the original Egyptian version (Pyramid texts + Coffin texts), from which these stories (Bible, Koran, Rig Vida, etc.) originated, is one of the best modern comparative mythology books. [3]

Solar corona cross (Jordan Maxwell)
A solar corona "crown of thorns" depiction, from American mythologist Jordan Maxwell's 2000 chapter "The Solar Cult". [5]
Solar disc | halo etymology
One of the easiest ways to explain "comparative mythology and modern religion" is visually. The best example is the 5,000-year artistic and conceptual evolution of the "halo" which originated from the myth of the sun or rather "sun disc" being carried through the sky by a bird (called the benu bird or phoenix) who balanced the sun on its head, and how this evolved over time into the halo, and then eventually the "thorns" depicted on the head of Jesus during the crucifixion.

The following "halo evolution" college was put together by American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims, in an unpublished 2004 chapter on the historical origins of religion. The collage shows the original Ra the sun god conceptualized as a falcon with the sun disc on its head (3100BC) ready to start its daily journey through the sky; followed by a period of theory expansion, wherein the moon was carried through the night sky via a similar mechanism (12-13):

Halos (1-13)

This was followed by a period of anthropomorphizing, during the early rise of Christianity (350BC-780AD), where the animal gods began to be re-written as god like humans, angels, and demons, during which period the sun disc began to move behind the head, rather than on top, as depicted at the Roman Catacombs, the Apocalypse of Beatus, and the Mosaics from Ravenna (14-17), this change in effect acting to loose resemblance to its original "carrying" aspect as a solar disc; in the years 1295-1430, a number of artists, such as Cavallini, Cimabue, Giotto, Fabriaon, and Duccio, began to incorporate a "cross" depiction inside of the sun disc (19-20), thus, unknowingly or not, intending to represent the stellar configuration known as the "Northern crux" visible at the time of the December 25 birth of the sun.

Halos (14-22)

Somewhere in the midst of this Egyptian-to-Christian conceptual transformation, in the years 1000BC to 1000AD, a number of middle eastern and eastern religions (Hinduism, Buddism, Zoroastrianism, and Shinto) began to incorporate the halo-sun disc model into artwork (23-27); in the years 1438 to 1516, a number of artists, indluding Masolino, Angelico, Lippi, Mantegna, and Bartolommeo, began to depict a shifted or slanted forward sun disc (28-33), the result of which transformed the original vertical forward-facing sun disc into a hovering horizontal stylized halo; Jacopo Tintoretto's 1547 painting of The Last Supper (34) depicts a sparkle like halo; in 1600, the Sikh religion began to adopt the halo model (35-38), the same for the Jewish halo of Abraham (39), Confusius (40), the Islamic halo of Adam (41), the Jain halo of Tirthankara (42), the Sufi halo (43), the 19th century Theosophy halo showing the charka points of energy (or universal life force), right up to the adult-sized "angel kits" one can purchase at places such as; culminating with the famous crown of thorns (corona of sun rays) depiction of Jesus Christ in the controversial 2004 Mel Gibson film The Passion of Christ. [6]
Halos (23-46)

To note, the first, it seems, to dig out the conclusion that the "crown of thorns", famously worn during the crucifixion, is actually a representation of a "solar corona" so as to represent or reenact the birth of the sun (or sun god), was Swiss psychologist Carl Jung in the 1910s. [4]

This logic was expanded on by American Biblical symbolism researcher Jordan Maxwell, as depicted adjacent, as discussed in his 2000 chapter "The Solar Cult", which he says is based on 30 years of earlier research stemming from his discovery of English comparative mythologist and Egyptologist Gerald Massey's 1900 article "The Historical Jesus and the Mythical Christ". [5]

See also
Intelligent design
Karma weight
Religious thermodynamics
Thims religio-mythology, science, and atheism book collection

1. Fink, Karl J. (2009). Goethe’s History of Science (pg. 9). Cambridge University Press.
2. (a) Moyer, Ernest. (2005). “Parallels between Osiris and Jesus”,
(b) Budge, E.A. Wallis. (1895). The Egyptian Book of the Dead. British Museum.
3. (a) Greenberg, Gary. (2000). 101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History (myth 53: "Abraham pretended that Sarah was his Sister", pgs. 131-34). Source Books.
(b) Greenberg, Gary. (1996). The Bible Myth: the African Origins of the Jewish People (formerly published as The Moses Mystery) (section: "The Osirian Iconography in Isaac's Sacrifice", pgs. 245-46). Citadel Press.
4. Jung, Carl. (1916). Psychology of the Unconscious (pg. 500). Publisher.
5. Maxwell, Jordan. (2000). That Old-Time Religion: the Story of Religious Foundations (ch. The Solar Cult, pgs. 35-54). The Book Tree.
6. Thims, Libb. (2004). Human Thermodynamics (Volume Three) (ch. 22: Religion and Thermodynamics II, pgs. 611-62). 330-pgs. (un-finished manuscript) Chicago: IoHT.
7. (a) Murdock, D.M. (aka Acharya S.) (c.2010). “Zeitgeist: the Movie: Companion Source Guide”,
(b) Gerardus Vossius – Wikipedia.
(c) Pierre Huet – Wikipedia.
(d) Acharya S – Wikipedia.
8. Murdock, D.M. (aka Acharya S.) (c.2010). “Zeitgeist: the Movie: Companion Source Guide”,
9. (a) Lebrun, Charles. (date). Doubts of Infidels. Publisher.
(b) Murdock, D.M. (aka Acharya S.) (c.2010). “Zeitgeist: the Movie: Companion Source Guide” (pg. 79),
(c) Charles-Antoine-Guillaume Pigault-Lebrun – Wikipedia.
10. Graham, Lloyd M. (1975). Deceptions and Myths of the Bible (pg. 113). Citadel Press Books.
11. Murdock, D.M. (aka Acharya S.) (2009). The Gospel According to Acharya S (Abraham is Brahma, pg. 69). Seattle: Stellar House Publishing.
12. Nome (Egypt) – Wikipedia.
13. Sirius – Wikipedia.
14. (a) Taylor, Robert. (1830). “Abraham: A Discourse”, Jul 21. The Comet, Volumes 1-2.
(b) Taylor, Robert. (1833). “Exodus: A Discourse”, The Comet, Volumes 1-2.
15. Wife-sister narratives in Genesis – Wikipedia.
16. (a) Massey, Gerald. (1883). The Natural Genesis. Publisher.
(b) Gerald Massey – Wikipedia.
17. Lake of Fire – Wikipedia.
18. Luckert, Karl. (1991). Egyptian Light and Hebrew Fire: Theological and Philosophical Roots of Christendom in Evolutionary Perspective. SUNY Press.
19. (a) Luckert, Karl. (1991). Egyptian Light and Hebrew Fire: Theological and Philosophical Roots of Christendom in Evolutionary Perspective. SUNY Press.
(b) Picknett, Lynn and Prince, Clive. (2013). The Forbidden Universe: the Occult Origins of Science and the Search for the Mind of God (pg. #). Skyhorse Publishing.
20. Thims, Libb. (2011). Purpose? (in a Godless universe) (94-pg manuscript) (unfinished); Online as 105-page unfinished manuscript (14 Apr 2013) (Jesus, pg. 59). IoHT publications.

Further reading
● Mitchell, Logan. (1842). The Christian Mythology Unveiled. Publisher.
● Hardwicke, Herbert J. (1881). The Popular Faith Unveiled. Publisher.
● Jackson, John G. (1985). Christianity before Christ. American Atheist Press.
● Osman, Ahmed. (1990). Moses and Akhenaten: the Secret History of the Egypt at the Time of the Exodus. Bear & Co.
● Armstrong, Karen. (1993). A History of God: the 4,000 Year Quest of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Ballantine Books.
● Jordan, Michael. (1993). The Encyclopedia of Gods: Over 2,500 Deities of the World. Facts on File, Inc.
● Warraq, Ibn. (1995). Why I am Not a Muslim. Prometheus Press.
● Freke, Timoth and Gandy, Peter. (1999). The Jesus Mysteries: Was the Original Jesus a Pagan God? Three Rivers Press.
● Ashby, Muata. (1997). Anunian Theology. Sema Institute.
● S., Acharya. (1999). The Christ Conspiracy. Adventures Unlimited.
● Jordan, Michael. (2003). The Historical Mary: Revealing the Pagan Identity of the Virgin Mary. Seastone.
● Kahl, Jochem. (2007). Ra is my Lord: Searching for the Rise of the Sun God at the Dawn of Egyptian History. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag.

External links
Comparative mythology – Wikipedia.
Jesus Christ in comparative mythology – Wikipedia.
Christian mythology – Wikipedia.
Islamic mythology – Wikipedia.
Hindu mythology – Wikipedia.
Jewish mythology – Wikipedia.
Religion and mythology – Wikipedia.
Wife-sister narratives in Genesis – Wikipedia.

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