In pantheons, Egyptian pantheon refers to the spectrum of gods, local gods, state gods, god groups (pauts), and supreme gods, categorized in an ordered scheme, prevalent in Egyptian mythology, generally grouped per recension.
The following shows the main outline of the Egyptian pantheon, in respect to its main gods, supreme gods, local gods, and god groups, dated according to the main pantheonic adjustments or recensions, in the years 3100BC to 1950BC, as religious cultural power shifted from Heliopolis (Heliopolis creation myth, 3100BC) to Memphis (Memphis creation myth, 2800BC), to Hermopolis (Hermopolis creation myth, 2150BC), to Thebes (Thebian creation myth, 1950BC):

Egyptian pantheon 4

An alternative Egyptian pantheon, by, shows the c.2500 Heliopolis version of the Ennead, when Ra was joined with Atum, as follows: [4]


Showing the then-conceived three forms of the sun god, namely: morning sun (Ra-Khepri), noon sun (Ra), and evening sun (Atum), all three of which latter being syncretized into the form of Ra-Atum or Atum-Ra.

Greek pantheon
See main: Greek pantheon
In c.700BC, Hesiod, as described in his Theogony, followed by Solon (c.590BC), and others, e.g. Lycurgus (c.840BC), Homer (c.800BC), Orpheus (c.680BC) (Ѻ), and Pherecydes (c.430BC), after studying in Egypt, in Heliopolis and Memphis, formalized their own state religion pantheon (See: Greek mythology) based, in outline, on the above Egyptian pantheon, then prevalent (see: histomap), with modifications and reductions; the gist of which, as outlined below [2], being that Ogdoad (see: Hermopolis creation myth, 2150BC) became "chaos", which gave birth to Gaea (or Geb) and Uranus (or Nut), from the Ennead; Amen-Ra became Zeus, the new supreme god; the model of there being two competing pauts or god groups, namely the Ogdoad and the Ennead, mixed with the eternal god camp battle, of good and evil (or light and darkness) between Horus and Set (or Ra and Apep, depending), became the model for the battle between the Titans and the Olympians; Osiris became Dionysus; Isis became Demeter; Nephthys became Persephone; Horus became Apollo; Shu became Atlas; Khnum became Prometheus; Thoth became Cronus and or Hermes, depending; Hathor became Aphrodite [3]; Neith (Ѻ) became Athena [3]; Ptah became Hephaestus; Set became Typhon; among others (see: god character rescripts), and the gods took human forms (as opposed to human-animal forms, in the Egyptian scheme):
Greek pantheon 2

In 330BC, Empedocles, aged 12 or 14, depending, studied Hesiod's Cosmogony at school, and finding that everything was explained to arise from chaos, he cried out and asked: ‘Whence, then, came chaos?’ His teacher, likely being ignorant of the fact that Hesiod’s model of chaos, was culled from the Nun and Naunet god pair, of the Hermopolis Ogdoad, however, had “no reply that would content him” (Lange, 1975), after which he began to develop his own philosophy (see: Epicureanism); thereafter coming in contact with atomic theory of Democritus, which expanded into the form of 300 scrolls, which eventually found there way into the hands of Lucretius, who transformed this logic into the now famous publication On the Nature of Things, which later, following the dark ages, seeded the enlightenment.

Judeo-Christian pantheon
See main: Judeo-Christian pantheon
In c.150AD, early Christian theologians, known as Matthew and Luke, in the Roman province, and or "Roman theologians" (see: Roman recension), building on the earlier c.300BC Judaic recension (see: Jewish mythology) of Egyptian mythology, elaborated on the Abrahamic lineage (see: religio-mythology genealogy), namely in continuation of the Judaic god reduction practice of "turning Egyptian gods into prophets", e.g. Atum became Adam; Nun became Noah; Ra became Abraham; Osiris (or Osiris-Dionysus), a new afterlife based monotheism was proposed, wherein: Joseph became Geb; Isis became Mary; the syncretistic god Horus-Osiris (or Osiris-Horus) became of "god the son" or divinely born man (or god-man), retrospectively named Jesus Christ; Osiris became Lazarus, among others; the gist of of which diagrammed (Ѻ) as follows:

Judeo-Christian Pantheon 3


The following are related quotes:

“The Greeks got the names of all their Olympian gods from the Egyptians except Poseidon and Hera.”
Herodotus (450BC), History (book 2) (Ѻ)

“The initiatory rites of Demeter in Eleusis were transferred from Egypt (1.29.2). The rite of Osiris is the same as that of Dionysus and that of Isis very similar to that of Demeter; the names alone having been interchanged, and the punishments in Hades of the unrighteous, the Fields of the Righteous and the fantastic conceptions, current among the many - all these were introduced by Orpheus in imitation of the Egyptian funeral customs. (1.96.4-5). Isis, after having invented the practice of medicine, taught this art to her son Orus [Horus], named also Apollo, who was the last of the gods that reigned in Egypt.”
Diodorus (40BC), Historical Library

“The trumpets they conceal in Bacchic wands (see: thyrsus), as Socrates has stated in his treatise on The Holy Ones. Furthermore, the tales regarding the Titans and the rites celebrated by night agree with the accounts of the dismemberment of Osiris and his revivification and regenesis.”
Plutarch (100AD), On Isis and Osiris (§35)

Herodotus upon this occasion says, that the whole romance of the soul and its transmigrations was invented by the Egyptians, and propagated in Greece by men, who pretended to be its authors. I know their names, adds he, but shall not mention them (lib. 2). Cicero, however, has positively informed us, that it was Pherecydes, master of Pythagoras. Tuscul. lib. 1, sect. 16. Now admitting that this system was at that period a novelty, it accounts for Solomon's treating it as a fable, who lived 130 years before Pherecydes.”
Constantin Volney (1791), The Ruins (Ѻ)

See also
God reduction
Mangnall’s Abstract of Heathen Mythology
Recension theory
Supreme god timeline

1. TeniCola. (2016). “Egyptian Pantheon” (Ѻ), Deities of Duat, Tumblr.
2. Anon. (2013). “Greek God Family Tree” (Ѻ), Hobgoblin Theatre Company.
3. Anon. (2017). “Greek Gods Identified as Egyptian” (Ѻ), Gods Before Him, YouTube, Jul 23.
4. Anon (2018). “Ancient Egyptian Gods Family Tree” (Ѻ), UsefulCharts, Feb 16.

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