In human chemistry, hmol, short for 'human mole', from the German mol, meaning small mass, is the molar equivalent for calculations involved in human chemical reactions. [1]

In 1953, during the 40 person AAAS so-called “Committee for Social Physics” meeting, headed by American social physics pioneer John Q. Stewart, American physicist Stuart Dodd explicitly suggested that “chemical moles” be the equivalent to “number of people” in social physics. [4]

In 1994, Canadian cyberspace philosopher Pierre Levy, in his Collective Intelligence, was one of the first to utilized a human molar methodology of discussion; to cite a representative quote: [2]

Families, clans, and tribes are organic groups [carbon-based entities]. Nations, institutions, religions, larger corporations, as well as the revolutionary ‘masses’ are organized groups, molar groups, which undergo a process of transcendence or exteriority in forming and maintaining themselves. Finally, self-organized, or molecular, groups realize the ideal of direct democracy within very larger communities in the process of mutation and deterritorialization.”

In 2003, Hungarian sociologist Babics Laszlo was the first attempt at determination of the number for what he referred to as a ‘social Avogadro number’; a precursor to the term "hmol".

In 2006, American chemical engineer Libb Thims had discussed the Avogadro number issue with Russian physical chemist Georgi Gladyshev during a meeting in Chicago (and via email), during which Thims alluded to the idea that the value should be around 1,000 and possibly be called the Gladyshev number (or Gladyshev constant), being that Gladyshev was the first to do some of the pioneering work in sociological thermodynamics (1977) calculations of Gibbs free energy, which has units of J/mol. Gladyshev, however, did not (at the time) have much commentary on this topic.

In 2007, Thims, in his Human Chemistry, suggested that term ‘mol’ should be termed ‘hmol’, short for 'human-mole', for calculations of Gibbs free energy, entropy, internal energy, or enthalpy for human reaction processes between people. [1]

In 2010, the English translation of the 2003 attempt at formulation of a ‘social Avogadro number’ by Hungarian sociologist Babics Laszlo was unearthed (by American chemical engineer Libb Thims), which gives precedence to naming tribute, over that of Gladyshev. [2] In this scheme, "Laszlo number" NL, in namesake, plus the term 'hmol', we would have the preliminarily concept of:

 N_L = 60 \Big( \frac{ \text{human molecules}}{hmol} \Big) \,

The number 60, at this point, however, until further studies can be made, is still rather arbitrary and meaningless. In any event, this is constructed in outline on the model of Avogadro’s number, in modern terms, is defined as the number of atoms in a twelve gram sample of carbon twelve:

 N_A = 6.022 \times 10^{23} \Big( \frac{ \text{entities}}{hmol} \Big) \,

Another useful version could be the number of people in two different military units reacting in combat during wartime.

The central issue here is that humans aren't typically measured in groups by mass. In short, the standard SI base unit for 'amount of substance' is not applicable to calculations of reactions involved in larger systems of interacting humans. One could say, for instance, that in a 1,000-kg sample of average humans (70-kg) that there are about 14 human molecules on average, but his approach is rather nonsensical. Using an alternative methodology, for instance, one could say that the Laszlo number could be the average number of students in a typical US elementary school, which in the 2001-2002 school year was 477 students.

In 2010, Thims began to employ the term "hmol science", in articles and discussions, later shortened to "hmolscience, referring generally to subjects that use a "human molar" based methodology, in particular human chemistry, human thermodynamics, and human physics, respectively.

See also
Dunbar number

1. Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry (Volume Two) (hmol, pg. 686). Morrisville, NC: LuLu.
2. (a) Levy, Pierre. (1994). L'intelligence collective. Pour une anthropologie du cyberespace. Paris: La Découverte.
(b) Levy, Pierre. (1997). Collective Intelligence: Mankind's Emerging World in Cyberspace (human thermodynamics, pg. 52, thermodynamics, pgs. 41, 44, 51-53, 197-98, 229, 232-33). New York: Basic Books.
3. (a) Laszlo, Babics. (2003). “A Tomegtarsadalmak Mechanikajaes Termodinamikaja”, 92-page manuscript. Feb 10.
(b) Laszlo, Babics. (2003). "The Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Mass Societies", English trans. by Vera Tanczos, 85-pages.
(c) Laszlo, Babics. (2010). “The Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Mass Societies”, Journal of Human Thermodynamics, Vol. 6, pgs. 39-46, Aug.
4. Stewart, John Q. (1953). “Remarks on the Current State of Social Physics” (pdf) (“chemical moles”, pg. 2), Paper presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science conference, Boston, Dec 30; in: Box 58, Miscellaneous Writing, John Q. Stewart Papers, Rare Books Special Collections, Princeton University.

External links
Mole (unit) – Wikipedia.

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