Artistic renditions of Moses, his origin, and his miracles; all of which .
In religio-mythology, Moses (CR:50), is a confabulous syncretism of the Egyptian god Osiris, who became the Greco-Roman god Dionysus-Bacchus (c.800BC), who has 24+ characteristic overlaps (see: Osiris, Dionysus-Bacchus, and Moses), plus aspects (Doane, 1882) (Ѻ) the Persian god-man Zoroaster (c.600BC), themed around the monotheistic religious reforms of Akhenaten (c.1350BC), to effect a god-to-prophet fictionalized character realism of a man who penned the first five books of the Bible.

Osiris | Horus
See main: Osiris, Dionysus-Bacchus, and Moses
In 100AD, Plutarch recounted the basic points of the Egyptian god Osiris (worshiped: 3,000BC-400AD) as follows:

“On the first of the five intercalcated days Osiris was born, and at the hour of his birth a voice issued forth saying, 'the lord of all advanced to the light'. But some relate that a certain Pamyles, while he was drawing water in Thebes, heard a voice issuing from the shrine of Zeus [Amen-Ra], which bade him proclaim with a loud voice that a mighty and beneficent king, Osiris, had been born; and for which Cronus [Geb] entrusted to him the child Osiris, which he brought up.

One of the first acts related of Osiris in his reign was to deliver the Egyptians from their destitute and brutish manner of living. This he did by showing them the fruits of cultivation, by giving them laws, and by teaching them to honor the gods. Later he travelled over the whole earth civilizing it without the slightest need of arms, but most of the peoples he won over to his way by the charm of his persuasive discourse combined with song and all manner of music. Hence the Greeks came to identify him with Dionysus.”
— Plutarch (100AD), On Isis and Osiris (pg. 35)

Moses, likewise, was "drawn from the water" of Nile River as a baby (see: baby in basket on river), by one of the pharaoh's daughter; his name, in fact, is said to mean "drawn out" or "pulled out" of the water Exodus 2:10 (Ѻ); that he "was raised" via the arrangements of the pharaoh's daughter (Exodus 2:7-10 (Ѻ)); the nursed by the pharaoh's daughter motif might, to note, have connection to the Horus nursed by Nephthys motif:

“Ani is Horus; his mother Isis bore him, Nephthys nursed him, just as they did Horus, in order to drive away the confederacy of Seth, and thy see the Wereret-crown firm planted on his head.”
— Ani scribe (1250BC), Egyptian Book of the Dead (§:134) (pg. 79)

Also, that Moses "delivered" the Israelites from bondage, just as Horus free Egypt from the "confederacy of Seth". It was Osiris, however, like Moses, who "gave them the laws" (ten commandments); Moses, conversely, taught them to "honor one god".

Confessions | Commandments
The 500BC story of Moses receiving the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai (Ѻ), aka Moses’ mountain, is a monotheistic transcription-rewrite of Egyptians receiving the 42 Negative Confessions in the 3,100BC period of the formation of the 1st dynasty Egyptian state from the forty-two nodes (cities) and their respective nodal gods—one god presiding over each sin in the afterlife limbo Judgment Hall—following the rebirth of the pharaoh, Osiris, or individual personal soul out of the conceptually arisen rebirth burial mound (or pyramid).

Mythology | Dissection
In 1830, French writer Charles Lebrun, in his Doubts of Infidels, as cited by Dorothy Murdock (2009), stated that Moses was a Bacchus rewrite; the gist of which is as follows: [13]

“The history of Moses is copied from the history of Bacchus, who was called Mises by the Egyptians, instead of Moses. Bacchus was born in Egypt; so was Moses... Bacchus passed through the Red Sea on dry ground; so did Moses. Bacchus was a lawgiver; so was Moses. Bacchus was picked up in a box that floated on the water; so was Moses.... Bacchus by striking a rock made wine gush forth... Bacchus was worshiped ... in Egypt, Phenicia, Syria, Arabia, Asia and Greece, before Abraham‘s day.”

In 1880, Robert Ingersoll published his Some Mistakes Moses, wherein opens to the following: [2]

“For many years I have regarded the Pentateuch simply as a record of a barbarous people, in which are found a great number of the ceremonies of savagery, many absurd and unjust laws, and thousands of ideas inconsistent with known and demonstrated facts. To me it seemed almost a crime to teach that this record was written by inspired men; that slavery, polygamy, wars of conquest and extermination were right, and that there was a time when men could win the approbation of infinite Intelligence, Justice, and Mercy, by violating maidens and by butchering babes. To me it seemed more reasonable that savage men had made these laws; and I endeavored in a lecture, entitled ‘Some Mistakes of Moses,’ to point out some of the errors, contradictions, and impossibilities contained in the Pentateuch.”

In 1975, Lloyd M. Graham argued that Moses was fashioned after the Syrian Mises and that his laws were fashioned after Hammurabi's code (Ѻ), a Babylonian law code, consisting of 282 laws, of ancient Mesopotamia, dating back to about 1772 BC. [11]

In 1939, Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud, in his Moses and Monotheism, argued that Moses, was a real person, but was not Hebrew, but actually born into Ancient Egyptian nobility and was probably a follower of the pharaoh Akhenaten, Egypt’s first monotheist. [8]

In 2000, American religio-mythologist Gary Greenberg, in his 101 Myths of the Bible, argues that Moses’ birth is similar to the Mesopotamian legend of the birth of Sargon I (2300BC), but most logically modeled on the hiding of Horus the child by his mother Isis on a floating island, after Set had killed Osiris (Horus’ father), a story from Egyptian literature concerning the “right to rule” Egypt. Greenberg, also, to note, cites the 300BC writings of Egyptian Manetho, a priest, who discusses an Egyptian priest named Osarseph, who sized the Egyptian thrown, later changing his name to "Moses". [5]

German scholar H. Gressmann, building on the earlier work of E. Meyer, supposedly, also argued along similar lines, namely that Moses’ birth is a legend of the promised child exposed and rescued, paralleling most with Sargon of Akkad. [7]

In 2006, Robert Paul, in his Moses and Civilization: the Meaning Behind Freud’s Myth, makes connections between pharaonic model of Horus and Moses. (Ѻ)

In 2006, writer Zoltan Kokai-Kuun surmised that Moses was a real person who borrowed the Ten Commandments from model of Horus the “supreme lawgiver, the ruler of a united kingdom, from whom the pharaohs descended. (Ѻ)

In 2008, German jurist and former Islamic theologian Sven Kalisch, gave his researched opinion that Muhammad never existed and admitted doubts on the historical existence of Jesus (god-Horus/Osiris), Moses, Abraham (father Ra son of Nun), and other so-called prophets of the Islamic, Christian, and Jewish traditions. [4]

In 2009, American religion deconverter scholar Christopher Redford cites Ingersoll’s Some Mistakes of Moses, in his video 2.3 Deconversion: Other Christians (Part 2) (Ѻ), supposedly as a counter-antidote for Israeli physicist and religion + science reconciler Gerald Schroeder’s The Science of God . [3]

American religio-mythologist Gary Greenberg argues the name Moses has something to do with being born or “born of”, from the Egyptian word “msy”, meaning “is born”, such as found in the pharaoh claiming divine origin names: Thutmose (Thoth is born) or Ramose (Ra is born). [5]

In 2015, Greenburg commented the following about who he presently considers Moses to have been: [12]

“Moses, as I try to show in The Moses Mystery (aka Bible Myth), was an actual person who was a high priest in the court if Akhenaten and an adopted brother. His adopted status gave him a claim on the royal throne and when the royal blood line came to an he waged a military campaign to reinstate Atenist religion. Culturally, he identified himself with Horus, as all pharaohs were Horus. His biblical birth story draws on Horus Myths.”

American Jewish studies professor Rivka Ulmer, citing the 25AD work of Hellenistic Jewish philosopher Philo (Mos. 1.4:17), notes that the Egyptians called water “mou” and those who are saved “eses”. [6]
MosesMoses (horns)
Michelangelo's 1505 statue of Moses, showing him with "horns", or rays of light, which grew after coming down from the mountain, following a talk with God.

In 1505, Italian artist Michelangelo made a statue of Moses, depicted with horns on his head, based on a description in the Vulgate, Latin version of the Bible. [9]

In 1900, John Robertson, a Christian mythology scholar and Jesus myth theory advocate, argued that the horns of Moses have some connection to the horns of Greco-Roman winemaking deity Dionysus, or “Bacchus” as the Romans called him, who was worshiped as a young bull, and Dionysos as a bull; and or how in the Hebrew language the word keren can mean either “horn” or “ray”, the latter having a solar ray connotation. [10]

In the pre-Rosetta stone years, before 1820s, a number of scholars made connections between the person Moses and the Roman god Baccus.

In circa 1750, French thinker Voltaire, citing both Vossius and Huet, concluded, among other things, that Moses was a re-write of the Roman god Bacchus (worship period: 400BC-400AD). [1]

In circa 1810, French writer Charles-Antoine-Guillaume Pigault-Lebrun (1753-1835), in his Doubts of Infidels, states: [1]

“The history of Moses is copied from the history of Bacchus, who was called Mises by the Egyptians, instead of Moses. Bacchus was born in Egypt; so was Moses ... Bacchus passed through the Red Sea on dry ground; so did Moses. Bacchus was a lawgiver; so was Moses. Bacchus was picked up in a box that floated on the water; so was Moses.... Bacchus by striking a rock made wine gush forth ... Bacchus was worshipped ... in Egypt, Phenicia, Syria, Arabia, Asia and Greece, before Abraham’s day.”

(add discussion)

The following are related quotes:

“Moses did not exist.”
Ludwig Wittgenstein (1953), Philosophical Investigations (Ѻ)

“In consideration of what we know about Osiris, Horus and Isis, it is reasonable to find in Moses, Aaron and Miriam their traces, especially since Osiris is equated with Dionysus, who in turn has been identified with Moses. We have seen also that Aaron and Horus possess intriguing commonalities, and it is noteworthy that Isis was styled with the Egyptian epithet "Meri," meaning "beloved," while Miryam is Semitic for "Maria" and "Mary".”
Dorothy Murdock (2014), Did Moses Exist? (pg. 317) (Ѻ)

See also
God does not exist | Pierre Laplace (1802)
● Noah did not exist
● Adam and Eve never existed
● Abraham never existed | Libb Thims (2005)
Moses never existed
● Buddha did not exist
Jesus never existed | Napoleon Bonaparte (1815)
Muhammad never existed | Robert Spencer (2012)

1. (a) Murdock, D.M. (aka Acharya S.) (2009). The Gospel According to Acharya S (pg. 72). Stellar House Publishing.
(b) Murdock, D.M. (aka Acharya S.) (c.2010). “Zeitgeist: the Movie: Companion Source Guide”, ZeitgeistMovie.com.
2. Ingersoll, Robert. (1880). Some Mistakes of Moses. Franks & Sons.
3. Schroeder, Gerald. (1997). The Science of God: The Convergence of Scientific and Biblical Wisdom. Broadway Books.
4. Sven Kalisch (German → English) – Wikipedia.
5. Greenberg, Gary. (2000). 101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History (myth 73: Jochebed placed the infant Modes in an Ark, pgs. 199-203; myth #74: Pharaoh’s daughter gave Moses a Hebrew name, pg. 204). Source Books.
6. Ulmer, Rivka. (2009). Egyptian Cultural Icons in Midrash (pg. 269). Walter de Gruyter.
7. Childs, Brevard S. (1965). “The Birth of Moses” (pdf), Journal of Biblical Literature, 84(2):109-122.
8. (a) Freud, Sigmund. (1939). Moses and Monotheism. Knopf.
(b) Moses and Monotheism – Wikipedia.
9. Horns (section) – Wikipedia.
10. (a) Robertson, John M. (1900). Christianity and Mythology (pg. 83). Watts.
(b) J.M. Robertson – Wikipedia.
11. Graham, Lloyd M. (1975). Deceptions and Myths of the Bible. Citadel Press Books.
12. Greenberg, Gary. (2015). “Email to Libb Thims”, Jun 14.
13. (a) Lebrun, Charles. (c.1830). Doubts of Infidels. Publisher.
(b) Murdock, Dorothy M (aka Acharya S). (2009). The Gospel According to Acharya S (Moses, pg. 72). Seattle: Stellar House Publishing.
(c) Murdock, Dorothy M. (aka Acharya S.) (c. 2010). “Zeitgeist: the Movie: Companion Source Guide” (pg. 79), ZeitgeistMovie.com.
(d) Charles-Antoine-Guillaume Pigault-Lebrun – Wikipedia.

Further reading
● Griffiths, J. Gwyn. (1953). “The Egyptian Derivation of the Name Moses”, JNES, 12:225-31.
● Osman, Ahmed. (1990). Moses and Akhenaten: the Secret History of the Egypt at the Time of the Exodus. Bear & Co.
● Murdock, Dorothy M. (2014). Did Moses Exist? The Myth of the Israelite Lawgiver. Stellar House Publishing.

External links
Moses – Wikipedia.
Was Muhammad a Lesser Prophet than Moses or Jesus? – WikiIslam.

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