In existographies, Philodemus (c.110-35BC) was an Greco-Roman Epicurean philosopher, student of Demetrius, teacher of Virgil (Ѻ), characterized as “very learned” (Cicero, 55BC) (Ѻ), noted for []

Overview
Thirty-six of his books were preserved when Mt. Vesuvius erupted in 79AD, and embalmed Piso’s villa at Herculaneum, which contained an extensive library of papyrus scrolls.

Atheism
In c.45BC, Philodemus, in his On Piety, attempts to defend the model of “atomic gods”, i.e. gods made of atoms, in respect to immortality beliefs and common theism beliefs, or something to this effect. (Ѻ)

Philodemus, in his On Piety, wherein he attempts to defend the Epicureans against attacks of atheism, supposedly classified the following three types of atheists of antiquity: [1]

1. Those who say that it is unknown whether there are any gods or what they are like;
2. Those who say openly that the gods do not exist;
3. Those who clearly imply it.

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Quotes | By
The following are quotes by Philodemus:

Democritus, a man who was not only the most learned man about nature of all the ancients but no less industrious than any other inquirer, says that music is more recent, and indemnifies its cause, saying that it was not singled out by necessity, but arose as a result of plenty.”
— Philodemus (c.45BC), On Music; Herculaneum papyrus 1497 (col. CCCVI 29-39) [2]

References
1. Bremmer, Jan N. (2006). “Atheism in Antiquity” (Ѻ); in: Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge University Press.
2. Taylor, C.C.W. (1999). The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus: Fragments: a Text and Translation with a Commentary by C.C.W. Taylor (pg. 155). University of Toronto Press.

External links
Philodemus – Wikipedia.

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