In Egyptian mythology, Sah, Sahou, Sahu, or Saah, was the god personification of the Orion constellation (later syncretized with the god Osiris), whose female consort was the goddess Sopdet, conceptualized as the star Sirius (later syncretized with the goddess Isis); alternatively, the "Sahu", according to Robert Bauval (2006), was the original Egyptian word for "mummy", in the sense that when Osiris died he "became" the astral body (of stars) or "Sahu" in the form of the Orion constellation. [1]

See main: Astro-theology
In 1904, Wallis Budge, in his Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (pg. 83), in discussion of the Pyramid Texts of the 4th and 5th dynasties, namely: Unas (2348BC), Teta [Teti] (2333BC) (Ѻ), Pepi I (2287BC), Mer-en-Ra-Mehti-em-sa-f, and Pepi II (Ѻ), aka Pyramid Texts at Sakkara, as he calls them, states that among the gods of this period, "allusions are made to the following important stars", as he puts it, as shown in the first four rows:

#Post-sync god
Pre-sync god
Star / Constellation
Budge listing


1.OsirisSahOrionSah (Budge, 1904)
2.IsisSeptetDog Star [Sirius]Septet (Budge stars)
3.Set [?]SehutGreat BearSehut (Budge, 1904)
4Nephthys [?]Nekhekh[?]Nekhekh
Canis Minor [11]

Sah and Sopdet were later syncretized with the gods Osiris and Isis, respectively, as follows:

Orion (constellation) → Sah (god) → Osiris (god)
Sirius (star) → Sopdet (goddess) → Isis (goddess)

The star named “Sothis”, e.g. as mentioned in Pepi I Pyramid Texts (Ѻ), of note, seems also to be name variant of the star Sirius. (Ѻ)

The following is Flinders Petrie’s 1940 rendition of Sah (or Sahu) or Osiris, aka Orion, and Isis (or Septet), aka Sirius, as the Egyptians supposedly saw things in the stars: [10]
Sahu 2
The following seems to be the Egyptian interpretation of the god Sah riding in his star boat, or what the Greeks would later call the Orion constellation, or Orion the Hunter:


The gods Sehut and Nekhekh (Ѻ) , and their star or constellation names, beyond what Budge says above, seem to be uncertain. One might speculatively associate them with Set and Nephthys, as listed, with question marks [?], above. Others, however, have attempted to associate Set with a leg-shaped star constellation of the Great Bear, and that Horus, during their battle, cut off Set’s leg, or something along these lines. (Ѻ)

In the 1940s, Rene Lubicz demonstrated, supposedly, that the Egyptians understood astronomical science so well that the recognized the 25,920-year period of the precession of the equinoxes. [9]

In 1954, Egyptologist Alexander Badawy proposed a link between Khufu’s pyramid, the largest of the three Giza pyramids, , at a height of 481 ft (Ѻ), and the Orion constellation, in respect to the design of the pyramid, something to the effect that the shafts were a way for the king’s soul to reach the heavens. [8]

In 1979, John West, in his Serpent in the Sky (Ѻ), outlined some type of unorthodox Egyptology ideas.

In 1983, Robert Bauval proposed the theory that the three pyramids at Giza are representative of the three stars of Orion’s belt. (Ѻ) In 1993, he and Adrian Gilbert published The Orion Mystery. Bauval, in 2007, stated that in circa 2500, in Pyramid Text #2126, Ra, supposedly, was the brother of Sah (Orion) and Sopdet (Sirius).

In 1995, Graham Hancock published Fingerprints of God, which is listed in the unorthodox Egyptology category. [9]

Scholars that make a connection between: Sah, Orion, Osiris, Horus, and Jesus, include: Simson Najovits (2003), Bojana Mojsov (2005), and, citing Mojsov, Dorothy Murdock (2008). [2]

In the Great Pyramid at Giza, built during the 4th Dynasty, during the reign of King Khufu (2589-2566BC), had two shafts running from the burial chamber that were aligned with various stars, including the constellation of Orion and Sirius. [2] The following shows a depiction of this: [3]

Orion and Sirius 3

Here, to note, we see that the 14 pieces of Orion constellation, correspond to the 14 pieces that Set cut Osiris into during their battle, scattering the pieces around the land, which in Christian mythology translated into the symbolic whipping of Jesus during the crucifixion. Those who have made the “14 pieces” (14 stars), Orion, Osiris” connection include: Eddie Austerlitz (2010) and, independently, Libb Thims (2016), as shown labeled above. [4] Alternatively, Frank Joseph (2008) suppositions that the number 14 is half the lunar month (28 days), that Osiris is a moon god, and that the cutting of the 14 pieces represent the chopping of the full moon, day by day, as it becomes a crescent moon, or something along these lines. [5] The following shows a more detailed view of the so-called "soul shafts" of the Giza pyramids:

Giza sky (2500BC)

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Raising Orion | Osiris | Jesus
The following, supposedly, is the astronomical rendition of the Passion of Osiris, i.e. of Osiris dead after being cut into 14 pieces by Set, after which Sirius (Isis) searches around to find and collect all his body pieces, so to put him back together into the form of an anointed mummy, and resurrect him. One interpretive summary of this is as follows: [3]

“As the night passes and the constellation rises higher into the sky, He ‘stands up’, with Isis at his back all the while, pushing upward until the god is raised. Even more so than the myth of Isis following Osiris to pick up the pieces (as dismembered by Set), we can see the rising of Orion and Sirius as Isis raising Osiris from the dead, the stellar model of the ritual of raising the Djed Column, which the pharaoh, with the help of Isis, performed on earth.”

The following is three step rendition of the raising of the dead "Orion" (Osiris) to the position of the living Orion (Osiris):

Orion rising

The following, from the Pepi I Pyramid Texts (2287BC) (Ѻ), we see, in utterance 442, Sirius (Sothus) described as the "third" celestial guide or morph of Pepi, the second, supposedly, being Orion (Osiris), the first, supposedly, being Ra:

Utterance 432Utterance 440Utterance 442
Sarcophagus Chamber, West Wall
The king prays to the sky-goddess
O Great One who became Sky,
You are strong, you are mighty,
You fill every place with your beauty,
The whole earth [Geb] is beneath you, you possess it!
As you enfold earth and all things in your arms,
So have you taken this Pepi to you,
An indestructible star within you!
Sarcophagus Chamber, West Wall
The king asks for admittance to the sky
If you love life, O Horus [Jesus] upon his life staff of truth,
Do not lock the gates of heaven,
Do not bolt its bars,
After you have taken Pepi's ka [spirit] into heaven,
To the god's nobles, the god's friends,
Who lean on their staffs,
Guardians of Upper Egypt,
Clad in red linen,
Living on figs,
Drinking wine,
Anointed with unguent,
That he may speak for Pepi to the great god
And let Pepi ascend to the great god!
Sarcophagus Chamber, West Wall
The king becomes a star
Truly, this Great One has fallen on his side,
He who is in Nedyt was cast down.
Your hand is grasped by Re [Ra] [Abraham],
Your head is raised by the Two Enneads.
Lo, he has come as Orion,
Lo, Osiris [Lazarus] [God] has come as Orion,
Lord of wine at the wag-feast.
"Good one," said his mother,
"Heir," said his father,
Conceived of sky, born of dusk.
Sky conceived you and Orion,
Dusk gave birth to you [resurrection] and Orion.
Who lives lives by the gods' command,
You shall live!
You shall rise with Orion in the eastern sky,
You shall set with Orion in the western sky,
Your third is Sothis [Sirius] [Mary], pure of thrones,
She is your guide on sky's good paths,
In the Field of Rushes.

The following shows the Dec 24 "raising of Osiris", as observed at three times, 7:15PM, 12-midnight, and 4:36AM, at an observatory in Calgary, Alberta Canada: (Ѻ)

Raising of Orion (Canada)

The "raising of Orion" by Sirius eventually became the story of the "raising of Osiris" by Isis:
Resurrection of Osiris
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Sirius B | Temple hypothesis
In 1976, Robert Temple, in his the Sirius Mystery, asserted the view that the Dogon people, of Mali, West Africa, knew that Sirius was a binary star (Sirius A and Sirius B).

Here, if Temple's hypothesis were true, we would note that Osiris has to be raised in the presence of not only Sirius (or Sirius A), aka Isis (or Stella Maris), but also by its twin star Sirius B, aka Nephthys (Maris’ sister): [7]

Sirius A and Sirius B (Isis and Nephthys)

Sirius B, however, is invisible to the naked eye. It was first predicted on dynamical grounds in 1844 and first observed in 1862. (Ѻ) The first telescope, moreover, was not invented until 1608 (by Hans Lippershey). (Ѻ) The so-called Temple hypothesis, namely that Egyptians knew about Sirius B, accordingly, while curious, seems doubtful.

Alternatively, J.S. Gordon (2011), amid further speculation of the Sirius B conjecture, states (Ѻ) that Isis represents the Ba or “astral” soul and Nephthys represents the Ka or “etheric” double principle, aka spirit; something akin to the following:

Nephthys and Isis (Ka and Ba)
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Osiris | Jesus
This, eventually morphed into the story of Isis (Stella Maris) raising Osiris from the dead, and thereafter, in the early Roman period, into the story of Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead: [6]
Horus Raising Osiris

This was latter recast as Jesus being raised from the dead himself in the presence of two maries and two angels:

Jesus reborn 4

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The following are related quotes:

“Lo, he has come as Orion; Lo, Osiris has come as Orion; Lord of wine at the wag-feast.”
— Anon (2287BC), Pepi I (Ѻ) Pyramid Texts, Utterance 442 (Ѻ)

“Behold, he has come as Orion, Osiris has come as Orion, Lord of the Wine in the Wag-festival.”
— Anon (2287BC), Pyramid Text (§818-20) (Ѻ)

“The fact that Orion (Osiris) ‘awoke’ again in the starry sky became the driving force behind the Egyptian star religion.”
— Patrick Geryl (2001), The Orion Prophecy (pg. 60)

1. (a) Oakes, Lorna and Gahlin, Lucia. (2002). Ancient Egypt: an Illustrated Reference to the Myths, Religions, Pyramids and Temples of the Land of the Pharaohs (Sah, pgs. 331, 425; Sopdet, 331, 399). Hermes House.
(b) Anon. (2016). “The Story of Osiris – Ancient Egyptian God Documentary” (narrator: Robert Bauval) (Ѻ), YouTube, Ancient World History, Dec 23.
2. (a) Bojana, Mojsov. (2005). Osiris: Death and Afterlife of a God (pgs. xvi, 18, 136). Wiley.
(b) Najovits, Simson R. (2003). Egypt, Trunk of the Tree, Vol. I: A Modern Survey of and Ancient Land (pg. 196). Algora Publishing.
(c) Murdock, Dorothy M. (aka Acharya S.). (1999). The Christ Conspiracy: the Greatest Story Ever Sold (pgs. 203, 207, 209). Adventures Unlimited.
3. Anon. (2013). “Why So Sirius & What's Up With The Moon?” (Ѻ), Subliminal Synchro Sphere, Blogspot, Feb 13.
4. Austerlitz, Eddie. (2010). If Its Backwards It Must Be Right (pg. 47). Publisher.
5. Joseph, Frank. (2008). “Navel of the World or Stargate?: The Argument over the Real Purpose of the Giza pyramids Rages On” (Ѻ), Atlantis Rising, May/Jun, #69; in: Forgotten Origins: Rescuing Order from Chaos (§2:12-19; pg. 14). Atlantis Rising, 2015.
6. Thims, Libb. (2016). Smart Atheism: For Kids (pdf). Publisher.
7. Scranton, Laird. (2006). The Science of the Dogon: Decoding the African Mystery Tradition (pg. 128). Inner Traditions.
8. Bauval, Robert. (2007). The Egypt Code (pg. 238). Red Wheel Weiser.
9. Gordon, J.S. (2011). Land of the Fallen Star Gods: the Celestial Origins of Ancient Egypt (pg. #). Inner Traditions.
10. (a) Petrie, Flinders. (1940). Wisdom of the Egyptians (plate III). Publisher.
(b) Clagett, Marshall. (1989). Ancient Egyptian Science: Calendars, Clocks, and Astronomy, Volume Two (pg. 677). American Philosophical Society.
The Egyptians, according to Chartrand (1982), considered the Canis Minor constellation to be Anubis. [1]
11. Chartrand, Mark R. (1982). Skyguide: a Field Guide for Amateur Astronomers (pg. 126). Publisher, 1990.

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