Sun gods 4
A diagram showing the six main sun gods of Ancient Egypt: Horus, with "sun disc" on his head, the oldest of all the gods, from the tomb of Tutankhamun (1,300BC), Ra, Khepri, Atum, Ptah, Amen, and Aten. [3]
In gods, sun god refers to a number of deity personifications of the sun, in particular: Ra, Atum, Aten, etc., who later were molded, via religion recension (or redaction) and syncretism, into the god Brahma and the man Abraham.

In Egyptian mythology, the oldest sun gods were Ra and Atum, generally worshiped in the city of Heliopolis; the sun god in this conception came in three forms, the morning sun, aka Ra-Kephri, the mid-day sun, [name], and the end-day sun [name]. The following shows the Heliopolis creation myth model wherein Ra the morning sun is born out of the land mound Atum which arose out of the watery abyss, personified by the god Nun or Nu:

Abraham ns

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In 2800BC, in Memphis, the god Ptah was conceptualized as the god that made the golden egg on his potter's wheel out of which the sun was born:

Ptah making golden egg
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In 1300BC, in Armana, the god Aten, the brainchild of the pharaoh Akhenaten, was introduced as a semi-deanthropomorphized monotheistic god:


Son god (Hotema, 1956)
A 1956 depiction of the state of the "sun god" concept as found on the cover of Hilton Hotema's Ancient Son God. [1]

Abraham and Brahma
See main: Abraham and Brahma
In 900BC, in India, the creator god Brahma (and his cohort MaNu), modeled on Ra (born out of the Nu), was formulated as the chief god of Hinduism.

In 500BC, amid the Persian empire dynasty, Brahma, during the Hebrew recension (see: recension theory), was reformulated into the man Abraham (descendant from a person named Noah), during which time he lost all his previous solar attributes. All the various astro-theological gods of the older religion, concordantly, were morphed into the form of human characters, e.g. the star Sirius, morphed goddess Isis, morphed goddess Saraswati, became the person Sarah, the Nile River flood, deified as the god Nun, became the Hindu character MaNu or the person Noah (or Nuh), etc.

The following is diagram showning the gist of recension theory (religion morph), originated by Edouard Naville (1886) and Wallis Budge (1899), and or redaction theory (religion syncretism), originated by Gary Greenberg (2000), related to the evolution or change of the contiguous core religion belief model, through empires: Egyptian, Sumerian, Hebrew, Greek, Roman, English, and American, over the last 5,000+ years, all generally rooted in the ancient pre-dynastic sun god Ra, and derivatives or morphs derived therefrom.

Ra Egyptian God


Chemical thermodynamics

1. Hotema, Hilton. (1956). Ancient Sun God (pg. 26). Publisher.
2. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (Ptah, pgs. 498, 508). Dover, 1969.
3. Thims, Libb. (2019). Human Chemical Thermodynamics: Chemical Thermodynamics Applied to the Humanities Sociology, Economics, History, Philosophy, Ethics,
Government, Politics, Business, Religion, and Relationship (pdf). Publisher.

External links
‚óŹ Solar deity – Wikipedia.

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