In religio-mythology, Tammuz, or “Dumuzi”, was a Sumerian vegetation god, characterized either as the son of Nimrod and or as Nimrod incarnate, noted for []

Osiris | Adonis
See also: God character equivalences

In 1853, Alexander Hislop, in his The Two Babylons, asserted the equivalence of Tammuz, Nimrod, and Osiris as follows: [1]

“Tammuz and Adonis are proved to be the same divinity. Jerome, who lived in Palestine when the rites of Tammuz were observed, up to the very time when he wrote, expressly identifies Tammuz and Adonis (vol. ii., p. 353), in his Commentary on Ezekiel, viii. 14, where the Jewish women are represented as weeping for Tammuz; and the testimony of Jerome on this subject is universally admitted. Then the mode in which the rites of Tammuz or Adonis were celebrated in Syria was essentially the same as the rites of Osiris. The statement of Lucian (De Dea Syria, vol. iii., p. 454) strikingly shows this, and Bunsen (vol. i., p. 443) distinctly admits it. The identity of Osiris and Nimrod has been largely proved in the body of this work. When, therefore, Tammuz or Adonis is identified with Osiris, the identification of Tammuz with Nimrod follows of course. .”

In 1959, Joseph Campbell, in his Oriental Mythology, considered Tammuz to be the Greek equivalent of Adonis: [2]

“The dead and resurrected god Tammuz (Sumerian Dumuzi), prototype of the Classical Adonis, who was the consort as well as son by virgin birth, of the goddess-mother of many names: Inanna, Ninhursag, Ishtar, Astarte, Artemis, Demeter, Aphrodite, Venus.”


1. Hislop, Alexander. (1853). The Two Babylons: the Papal Worship Proved to be the Worship of Nimrod and his Wife (pg. 506). S.W. Partridge and Co, 1871.
2. Campbell, Joseph. (1959). Oriental Mythology: the Masks of the Gods (pgs. 39-40). Publisher.

External links

‚óŹ Tammuz (mythology) – Wikipedia.

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