William KingIn existographies, William King (1650-1729), aka “Archbishop King”, was an Irish philosopher, politician, and theologian, noted for []

Quotes | On
The following are quotes on King:

“It was in the eighteenth century that the conception of the universe as a ‘chain of being’, the principles which underlay this conception – plenitude, continuity, gradation – attained their widest diffusion and acceptance. The faith in speculative a priori metaphysics was waning, and the Baconian temper (if not precisely the Baconian procedure), the spirit of patient empirical inquiry, continued its triumphant march in science, and was an object of fervent enthusiasm among a large part of the general educated public. There has been no period in which writers of all sorts — men of science and philosophers, poets and popular essayists, deists and orthodox divines — talked so much about the ‘chain of being’, or accepted more implicitly the general scheme of ideas connected with it, or more boldly drew from these their latent implications, or apparent implications. Addison, King, Bolingbroke, Pope, Haller, Thomson, Akenside, Buffon, Bonnet, Goldsmith, Diderot, Kant, Lambert, Herder, Schiller — all these and a host of lesser writers not only expatiated upon the theme but drew from it new, or previously evaded, consequences; while Voltaire and Samuel Johnson, a strange pair of companions in arms, led an attack upon the whole conception. Next to the word ‘nature’, the ‘great chain of being’ was the sacred phrase of the eighteenth century, playing a part somewhat analogous to that of the blessed word ‘evolution’ in the late nineteenth.”
Arthur Lovejoy (1933), The Great Chain of Being (pgs. 183-84) [2]

“There can hardly be much doubt that it was largely from the original work of King that Pope derived, directly or through Bolingbroke, the conceptions which, rearranged with curious incoherency, served for his vindication of optimism in the First Epistle of the Essay on Man; for it is unlikely that Pope derived them from their fountain-head, the Enneads of Plotinus.”
Arthur Lovejoy (1933), The Great Chain of Being (pg. 212) [2]

Quotes | By
The following are quotes by King:

“There exists a perpetual war between the elements, between animals, between men.”
— William King (1702), De Origine Mali; paraphrase by Arthur Lovejoy [1]

1. (a) King, William. (1702). De Origine Mali. Publisher; An Essay on the Origin of Evil (translator: Edmund Law) (Arc), Publisher, 1731.
(b) Lovejoy, Arthur. (1933). The Great Chain of Being: a Study of the History of an Idea (pg. 212). Harvard University Press, 1936.
2. Lovejoy, Arthur. (1933). The Great Chain of Being: a Study of the History of an Idea. Harvard University Press, 1936.

External links
‚óŹ William King (bishop) – Wikipedia.

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