In lectures, Gifford Lectures is an annual lecture series, held at one of four Scottish universities, established by the will of Adam Gifford (1820-1887) (Ѻ), a Scottish advocate and judge, themed on the promotion of natural theology, in the widest sense of the term.

In 1900 to 1902, William James, at the University of Edinburgh, gave his The Varieties of Religious Experience, which is a classic in world religions studies.

In 1927 to 1928, Alfred Whitehead, at the University of Aberdeen, gave his Process and Reality: an Essay in Cosmology, wherein he attempts to introduce what he calls "organism philosophy" or a "philosophy of the organism", which seeded panpsychism, in a general sense.

In 1926 to 1927, Arthur Eddington, at the University of Edinburgh, gave his The Nature of the Physical World, wherein he positioned thermodynamics, particularly the second law, above everything else, in the grand scheme of things.

In 1937 to 1938, Charles Sherrington, at the University of Edinburgh, in his Man on His Nature, gave the most cogent to date clarion call to jettison the concept of “life”, which he classifies as a defunct anthropism (see: defunct theory of life), from repertoire of modern knowledge. This was the most-powerfull of all Gifford Lectures.

External links
Gifford Lectures – Wikipedia.

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