| Left: Austrian physicist Ludwig Boltzmann's 1895 drawing of gas particles in "rest position"; who in 1872 stated that "molecules are like to many individuals".  Center: Artistic rendition of the human particle view (or human atom, human atomism, or Daniel Bernoulli "gas particle" view) of human behavior.  Right: The "advanced intelligence perspective" or distant or third-party observer view is often employed when using human particle models.|
“In relation to society: we are the particles ... our glance must be directed towards the systems which surround the particles in order to better understand their interactive and evolutionary dynamics.”Likewise, in the 2004 book Critical Mass - How One Things Leads to Another, English chemist and physicist Philip Ball argues that "to develop a physics of society" one must use the model that "particles will become people" to which he uses the term peoploids to designate human particles in computer simulations.
|Left: In social physics the human particle view is often employed, such as depicted above in Philip Ball's 2004 book Critical Mass, to explain mass social phenomena, such as war, revolution, fads, etc., using theories such as critical mass or tipping points  Right: 2013 Break.com pic of what seems to be a grade school or high school student giving a possible semi-serious answer to the question of what state—assuming here the question is referring to one of the “states” of the united states—particles, possibly humans or environmental particles, e.g. air, depending, have the most and least movement, a question to which the student answers: California (Avg. Lat: 37°; Avg. Temp: 59°F) and New Jersey (Latitude: 40°; Avg. Temp: 53°F), a guess that, based on average temperature per each state, seems to be correct, in that it adheres to the logic of Boerhaave’s law and the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution.|
“Are the attributes of society, considered apart from its living units, in any way like those of a not-living body? Or are they in any way like those of a living body? or are they entirely unlike those of both?”