“Sales’ [writings] are a morass of long-winded and conventional hodgepodge of ideas. Delisle de Sales is basically a Voltairian. But in natural philosophy he often inclines to Robinet, and his idolization of nature frequently brings him alongside Rousseau. He approves of Condillac, Helvetius, and with some hesitation of d’Holbach. As a convinced theist, however, he fulminates against the atheist La Mettrie; believing firmly in the immortality of the soul, he ‘demonstrates’ it with the story of Richardson’s Clarissa, and by way of further proof with a doleful tale of his own, ‘the pathetic history of Jenny Lille’.”
"Izouard, who styled himself, Delisle de Sales, was a member of the group of the Ôphilosophes.Õ ÒHe wrote a work called Philosophie de la Nature (in 1770) which was condemned by the Chatelet in 1775 and after which Sales was imprisoned. Chatalet, after lengthy proceedings sentenced, Delisle to perpetual banishment on absurdly inadequate grounds, but the sentence was quashed by the parliament.
Izouard wrote a number of philosophical, historical, and political works including a defense of freedom of the press, and a utopian work based on Plato's Republic which impressed Voltaire, but he remains a relatively unstudied figure in French 18th century philosophy.
The fourth edition had first appeared in 1793-5 but our author condemns the poor printing of that edition and has corrected the errors and omissions of that issue and has added some new text and a map of Atlantis. It is interesting to note that he remarks that America has been left off his maps as it is still too new to picture accurately. The title of Izouard's work is reminiscent of Court de Gebelin's grammatically based work and is sometimes confused with it but Izouard calls the other work a poor performance. One available book of his contains seven engraved t.p.s & 30 plates including 13 folding maps (3 fully hand-colored), and 3 folding astrological star charts some signed by Macret, Monnet, Schmitx, etc.; portrait of Delisle de Sales by Duflos after Borel."
|Sales' illustration of “Newton in Senegal” (see: social Newton), from his satirical play “Reasonable Drama” (1777), showing Newton, depicted as a vegetarian, eavesdropping on a conversation between a merman, a meat-eater, and an oyster, which is desperately reasoning for its life, amid which a African, who believes in a scarab-like god, enters the scene, illustrating the idiosyncrasies and seeming moral conundrums involved in so-called morality of eating. |
See main: Human molecule (banned)Sales' Philosophy of Nature, supposedly, was condemned by the Chatelet (a Paris courthouse and prison) in 1775 after which Sales was imprisoned and later sentenced to perpetual banishment on what have been called "absurdly inadequate grounds". Alternatively, at first the book passed passed unnoticed, by then in 1777 began to attract objectionable attraction owing to its moral views considered contrary to religion, during which time he was condemned to perpetual banishment by the order of the Chatelet.
“Philosophically, Delisle claims to Locke and envisions a world whose god is the architect and the nature of the machinist. A primitive fire, God's instrument and agent of nature, communicates to the world movement and life. In psychology, Delisle was inspired by Descartes basing the exploration of human faculties on the experience of consciousness rather than the rationalist assumptions. In ethics, consistent with French philosopher Claude-Adrien Helvetius, who says that self-love is the sole foundation. The state of nature, in his view, a dream that man is born to live in society, and all laws that underpin the social order are identical with those upon which our own happiness. The ideal government is held as far from the despotism of anarchy.”(add)
“We conclude that there exists a principle of the human body which comes from the great process in which so many millions of atoms of the earth become many millions of human molecules.”
|“Il faut conclure de mon fyrtême, que Sevu le principe du corps humain vient de la terre qui d'abord a végété, & de l'état de végétal a enfuite paffé à celui d'animal: cet animal a fervi d'aliment à l'homme, & cet aliment a été d'abord du fperme , enfuite de la chair, des veines & des os dont l'être eft né , & après la naiffance il fubfifte, ou il ne fubfifte pas. — Sachez donc, vous qui cherchez le grand œuvre, que de tant de millions d'atomes de la terre^ à peine un feul devient affez actif pour végéter ; que la plus petite partie de mille millions de végétaux devient animale ; que de mille millions d'animaux une feule molécule devient humaine, & que de mille millions de molécules humaines, il n'y en a qu'une qui devienne une goutte de fperme ce n'eu pas tout encore : de mille million.' de gouttes de fperme, une feule devient femence : de mille millions de parties de femence, une feule arrive à la matrice, & de mille millions de ces particules féminales qui arrivent à la matrice, il en naît un feul homme, & de mille millions qui naiffent, un feul fubiifte, & de mille millions qui fubfiftent un feul eft Mufulman, & de mille millions de Mufulmans, un feul a la vraie foi , & de mille millions de fideles un feul eft philofophe, & de mille millions de philofophes, un feul devient adepte. — Le but de tant de générations eft donc un adepte : ainfi la nature emiere a contribué * à fon exiftence.”||“We conclude my fyrtême, Sevu that the principle of the human body comes from the earth first vegetated, and the rule of plant has pafled afterwards to that of animals: This animal ferved food to man, and the food was the first fperme, and afterwards of the flesh, veins and bones which is being born, and after the birth it subsists, or it does not subsists. - Know So, who seek the great work, as so many millions of atoms of the earth just one only becomes active enough to vegetate; the smallest part of a mile million plant becomes animal, than a thousand millions of animals alone molecule becomes human, and how many thousand millions of human molecules, there is only one that will become a drop of sperm this n'eu not all: one thousand million. Drops of fperme, alone becomes a feeds: one thousand million games of feeds, one reaches the matrix alone, and a thousand million of these particles Feminale coming to the matrix, there arises a alone man, and a thousand million who are born, a fubiifte alone, and a thousand million that subsist alone is a Mussulman, and a thousand millions of Mahometans, one only has the true faith, and a thousand million faithful one alone is philosopher, and a thousand million philosophers, one only becomes a follower. - The goal of many generations is thus a fan: thus nature ime has contributed to existence.”|
“I think this work is worn out. The same goes for philosophical books in general, which have rarely been requested for more than a year now.”— Jean-Felix Charmet (1781), “Letter to Societe Typographique de Neuchatel”, Jun 9 
“Among his many books, is often found a vast erudition, often brilliant ideas and new.”— Anon (c.1800), quote from the description of 1804 seven-volume set (Ѻ)
“Delisle de Sales was sentenced to perpetual exile, and confiscation of all his property, on account of his work on the Philosophy of Nature.”— Henry Buckle (1856), History of Civilization, Volume One (pg. 534)