Stephen Lower nsIn human chemistry, Stephen Lower (c.1945-) is a American-born Canadian biochemist and physical chemist noted for his listing of human chemistry, in his online book website Chemistry One, a collection of chemistry material, as crackpot or pseudoscience, presenting human chemistry as something chemistry students should avoid.

Lower completed his BA in biochemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, and PhD in physical chemistry at the University of British Columbia. He was a professor of chemistry at Simon Fraser University, Burnaby-Vancouver, Canada, from 1965 until his retirement in 1999. He began working on his online chemistry site after retirement. [2]

The following is a cropped screenshot of fuller's classification of human chemistry (adjacent). [1] What is amazing is that this listing comes from a physical chemist, the second most-probable type of person (behind the chemical engineer and the chemical thermodynamicist) to understand human chemistry and human thermodynamics?

Conversely, to cite one example, American physical chemist Thomas Wallace not only did not consider the modeling of human activity using physical chemistry to be pseudoscience, but rather instead wrote out his entire 2009 book Wealth, Energy, and Human Values, using this type of logic of applying terms such as energy, entropy, Gibbs free energy, reaction coordinate, etc., to the explanation of human existence. What seems to be the case is that there seems to be two kinds of physical chemists, one who understands that the laws of thermodynamics govern human reactions and those who do not.
Crackpot (Lower)
Lower's 2007 online listing of human thermodynamics and human chemistry as crackpot. [1]

In regards to conflict of interest, e.g. red-tabbed people on the HMS pioneers page, in the case of Lower, a point to note is that he is religiously predisposed or biased, e.g. one of his favorite websites is the Scary Bible Quotes site. This is a common factor to look for behind a person's motives to objecting to a science of "human chemistry".

1. (a) Lower, Stephen. (2007). “List of Flim-flam, Pseudoscience, and Nonsense”, Online listings.
(b) Lower, Stephen. (2007). Chemistry One: Virtual Textbook (ch. 4: What is pseudoscience?).
(c) Human chemistry (search) – Pseudoscience and Quackery,
2. Stephen Lower (overview) –

External links
‚óŹ Stephen Lower (faculty) – Chemistry Department, Simon Fraser University.

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